Analysis of the Needs of Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Using A Four Tier Type Test Diagnostic Instrument in Learning Physics
Keywords:evaluation, test, four-tier, higher order thinking skill
The preliminary study in this study describes the need for test evaluation in the learning process for teachers and students in public high schools in the Bekasi district. This study consisted of field observations. The objectives of this study were (1) to determine the form of tests conducted by the teacher, (2) to determine the cognitive level of the tests used, (3) to examine the constraints and barriers that occurred to students in the learning process, (4) to explore the teacher's needs for the test. Four tiers as a learning evaluation. The subjects of this study were students in high schools (SMA) and physics teachers at school. The sample was randomly selected with 60 students and 5 teachers in the three schools. The results of the analysis show that students and educators need an evaluation tool for the assessment of student learning outcomes in the form of a four-tiered or four-tiered multiple-choice diagnostic test. This test can be used to reveal misconceptions or understanding of students about material that has not been understood, besides that it can measure students' higher-order thinking skills.